Bingham Association

Official Website






[1640 - 1915]


Donna Bingham Munger

Generation One: England and America

The Great Great Grandparents of William Bingham of Philadelphia

1.  James BINGHAM

    Died: 1670, Newport, Essex, ENG

    Mar: abt 1660 Bridget WOODLEY (John Woodley); Born: abt 1640,

        Newport, Essex, ENG; Mar (2): 3 Sep 1687 William WATSON Chesterfield,

        West Jersey®1; Mar (1): Anne Redding; Died: abt 1711®50

    Died: 3rd of the 4th month 1702, Burlington, West Jersey; Buried: 1702

        Nottingham, Burlington, West Jersey, “in the burying place”.®50          

  Documents at the Essex County Archives, England, recently placed online, leave no doubt as to the identification of William Bingham of Philadelphia’s last English ancestor and his first American ancestor. Much misinformation copied from earlier sources and now also online or in print, needs to be corrected. Following next is the information that the documents contain.

   For two years in a row, 1670 and 1671, the constables for Newport, Essex, presented Bridgett Bingham, the wife of James Bingham, for absenting herself from the parish Church. In 1670 it was for “three seuerall sondayes last past”.®43, Reference: T/A 418/172/84 In 1671, named a widow, Bridgett Bingham was presented again for absenting herself from church for 4 Sundays.®43, Reference: T/A 418/173/88

   That same year, 1671, Bridget Bingham of Newport, widow, and Benj. Scott, jun. of Widdington, yeo., and w. Margt (both daughters of John Woodley, late of Widdington, yeoman, deceased), were fined for attending an illegal Friends Meeting and a deed declaring the uses of the fine was recorded.®44, Reference: D/DC/41/463; ®50

   From these three documents we know that Bridget and Margaret were daughters of John Woodley, that Bridget’s husband had been James Bingham and that Margaret’s husband was Benjamin Scott. We also know that James Bingham died in 1670 or 1671. Further investigation of the Essex Parish Registers should reveal even more information about these families.



          Map of Essex County, England

          showing location northeast of



          [A Vision of Britain Through Time.



      Map of Northwest

      Essex County.


      Newport Village is

      located on the Roman

      road to Cambridge,

      three miles south of

      Saffron-Walden on the

      Cam River.

      [A Vision of Britain 

       Through Time.]


  The next we know about Bridget is a record of her 1681 emigration on the ship Henry and Ann sailing from Gravesend.®2 Also on ship were her sister Margaret Scott and husband Benjamin. The Scott’s daughter, Elizabeth, was born on board the “7th of ye 5th month” 1681.®2 Bridget, her son, James Bingham, and three daughters, Mary, Ann and Margaret, had arrived in the Delaware Valley by the “first Day of ye Tenth month”  1681 when she attended another birth.®2 Hinshaw recorded Bridget as a widow from Essex migrating to Burlington, NJ with son and 3 daughters.®3

   Burlington was the seat of government for the Quaker province of West Jersey. Between 1675 and 1701, West Jersey functioned as a private colony ruled first by John Fenwick, then Edward Byllinge, and finally Daniel Coxe, all Quakers. Coxe sold his interest in 1792 to the 48 members of the West Jersey Society, most of whom were Anglicans. In 1701, the British crown resumed control of all private colonies including West Jersey.


Portion of John Worlidge’s Map of East and West Jersey, c. 1696

     Shows most of Burlington County. Note locations of Burlington, Derwin or Asumpink    River, and Philadelphia.

     West Jersey History Project.


  On May 8, 1684 brother-in-law Benjamin Scott, deeded Bridget Bingham the use of 200 acres of his 500 acre tract adjoining the land of George Elkington in the 2nd 10th in Burlington. Benjamin deeded the use of the remaining 300 acres of the tract to Martin Scott, his son.®4

   Six years after arriving in Burlington and sixteen years after husband James Bingham had died, Bridget Bingham, a widow of Burlington, married William Watson in November 1687.®50

   William Watson had emigrated near the end of August 1684 in the ship Bristol Merchant with his three sons, William, Isaac, and John; one daughter, Elizabeth; and two male servants. Their trip took “neare eight weeks”. They arrived safe in Philadelphia before November 4 and rented part of a house for four weeks; there, son William died and was buried.®50

   Watson settled in Nottingham Township, Burlington, West Jersey where there were already several others from Watson’s native Nottingham, England. But there was no Friends meeting in Nottingham, West Jersey so William Watson attended the Chesterfield Township Monthly Meeting. That was where he met Bridget Bingham.

   On the 6th of the 8th month, 1687 he announced at Chesterfield Meeting that he intended taking Bridget Bingham, a widow of Burlington, as wife. He had already announced his intentions at Burlington Meeting 3 days before. On 3 of the 9th month at Chesterfield and 4 days (7 9m) later at Burlington, they were given liberty to marry.®50

   By then, two of Bridget’s daughters had married. Mary on 13 January 1683 married George Elkincton and Ann in 1685 married William Satterwaite.®5; ®6 Bridget’s two other children, James and Margaret, married within a few years. On November 30, 1687 Bridgett Bingham assigned her 200 acres to son James Bingham who conveyed the same to John Scott, son of Benjamin Scott.®4, p. 442 (marginal note)

   Watson became active in community affairs and established himself at a place named Farnsfield along the division line between East and West Jersey on both sides of the Assunpink Creek. Farnsfield was named after his residence of the same name in Nottingham, England.

   Bridget’s name appears only one more time when on 26 October 1691 she was a witness to the will of Percival Towle of Burlington.®50 Watson was involved in the settlement of Towle’s estate.

   In 1699, William Watson sold his 400 acre property on Doctor’s Creek and transferred his 250 acre tract on Assunpink to his son, John. He then began to work on surveying property he owned in Pennsylvania. Before the surveys were complete Bridget died and was buried 3 June 1701 “in the burying place in Nottingham.”®50

   William Watson lived until 1711 or 1712. Three of his four children predeceased him leaving son Isaac as his sole heir.®50

    Besides the sources cited, researchers may want to consult the Records of Chesterfield Monthly Meeting in the Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College. Further research can also be done in the West Jersey Proprietor’s records available since 2005 at the New Jersey State Archives. For a thorough explanation about “Using the Records of the East and West Jersey Proprietors” download a 35 page lecture by Joseph R. Kletts at


    1.1.  Mary abt 1662

    1.2.  Ann abt 1664

    1.3.  James abt 1666

    1.4.  Margaret abt 1668

To download the full text

(34 pages in PDF)

of the Ancestors and Descendants of William Bingham of Philadelphia through all

eight generations


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James Bingham of West Jersey

Contributed by Donna Bingham Munger, December, 2007